The phase of "Wo Shun Ren Bei" (You are in favorable position while you rival is losing controlling of his stableness and strength) is quoted in Wang Zongyue in his book of Tai Ji Quan Lun (the theory of Tai Ji Quan)". The original version of its first line to the fourth is excerpted as follows:
Tai Ji derived from the primitive one, causing the existence as well as the transition of all the activities and the quiet in the universe, being the origin in producing Yin and Yang and their endless transformations.
The movements in dividing are derived from acting, while the results in associations, from keeping calm.
Keeping balance, in ease control either in dividing or combining, will be focused; keeping in line with the situation is quite adaptable, being forward if the other party is backing off.
If your opponent is competitively strong, I would then be flexible and soft. It is called to disperse the other party’s hardness. If I'm in favorable position while my opponent has lost his control in keeping his stableness and strength, I will then override him.
...(the following twenty lines are omitted)
Judging from the book Tai Ji Quan Lun, we could know that Wang Zongyue was a Tai Ji super master in real fighting. He explained in his book simply and clearly the guiding idea and techniques in actual fighting rather than movement practicing. Tai Ji Quan Lun, with less than three hundred words, has played a significant role as a metrology, guiding all the Tai Ji study and research for hundreds of years.
Tai Ji Quan Lun has put forward a very important attacking concept -You being positive and your opponent, negative.
Usually, there will be four cases occurred while two parties entering into getting Tui Shou (pushing hands):
1. You being positive and your opponent, negative (when both of you are in preparation posture and haven't send out strength toward the other)
2. You being negative and your opponent, negative (when you are of comparable competence restricted by the other)
3. You being negative and your opponent, positive (When you are controlled by your opponent)
4. You being positive and your opponent, negative(When your opponent is controlled by you)
Analyzing these four, the first two cases would be describing the two parties are of nip and tuck being stalemated. Following these two situations, there would appear the third case "you being negative and your opponent, positive" being not favorable for you or the fourth "you being positive and your opponent, negative" while you are I taking the initiative.
When the third situation is taking place, the better way is to move away" as said "if the other party is competitively strong, then be flexible and soft. It is called going along to disperse the attacking force". When the fourth situation emerges, the smart countermeasure is following the attacking sent by your rival in sticking as described that "you should be proactive in priority while your rival has lost his control with his stableness and strength." When experienced Tai Ji players are fighting each other, each one would try to avoid the emergence of the third situation. Once it is emerged, one would try to disperse the other party's attacking force in going along and in melting in a hope to regain the initiative. In the fourth situation, the best way is to override the coming force in melting or, to remain your proactive state just by holding onto the state in priority by touching, sticking, connecting and going along.
How to live up to the rule of "touching, sticking, connecting and going along"? (this is a basic requirement and a supreme state in practicing Tai Ji Quan) It says that "whenever a Tai Ji player has practiced the Quan for several years but still got incapable in exerting his force, the point mostly lies in his incompetence but being controlled by his rival. He has not yet understood the lesson of Yin and Yang balanced named "double heaviness".
What on earth does "double heaviness" mean then? Somebody considers it as the external movements of his feet's "firmness and emptiness", or the primary and secondary" of hand movements. Some others assume it as "breathing" and "spirit and intention" as a kind of inner Kung-fu. Others presume the bad state in Tui Shou of "stalemate" and "refuse to budge". There are some elements of truth in these above statements, but each is only partially true. The correct understanding is that, in the process in exerting strength to attacking or defending, you should always keep the balance of Yin (negative and softness) and Yang (positive and hardness) so that the state of the two parties enter into a stalemated situation wouldn't take place. It says that "to avoid this awkward situation, you have to understand the lesson of Yin and Yang. Sticking functions same as moving away. Yin and Yang should be combined together and associated, that is the real understanding of strength". The most of the sophisticated philosophies usually can't be spoken out clearly but to be thought out or the more mistakes would be made then.
In the situation that the two parties are consistent to form a circle, if you are not in a superior state, your rival wouldn't be in an inferior state, if you are the superior, he must be the inferior. When you are practicing Tai Ji or Tui Shou, it is crucially important to find and reinforce the feeling of "in superiority". Getting this feeling, you should pose proper movement with your body uptight and balanced, hold your breathing smoothly and naturally, completely relaxed and balanced with your minding guiding you Qi. In such state, you will have great courage that would help you win in Tui Shou and actual fighting.
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