Martial Arts or Wushu. have been created and developed for self-defense and survival throughout human history. Correct Chinese Wushu training improves physical ability. health and willpower. It gives an individual an excellent method of exercise. a personal art form. a competitive sport and a basis for self-defense and sparring. Total martial training includes Ti (kicking). Da (punching). Shuai (throwing). Na (controlling). Gi (hitting). Ci (thrusting). etc. Related to each style are basic forms. or sequences. which may involve defense strategies. offense. retreat. mobility and immobility. speed and slowness. hard or soft postures. emptiness and fullness. with or without weapons.
Wushu (literally. ˋˋmartial methodsˋˋ) was historically termed ˋˋWu-Yiˋˋ or martial arts. Fairly recently. the Chinese government changed the term to ˋˋGuoshu.ˋˋ or ˋˋnational methodˋˋ. The term most popular in North America is ˋˋKung-fuˋˋ which actually means oneˋs ability in any skill. not necessarily martial.